a sampling of



By Jonathan Gray





Below are some typical 
*  references in ancient texts

*  physical artefacts, and also
*  photographs, as well as 
*  some locations WHERE these have been examined, or are kept.


I shall not attempt here to repeat the full story of any of these. More copious information is available in my various books on ancient technology. Two of these books are Dead Men’s Secrets (which also contains more pictures not included here) and 64 Secrets Ahead of Us.



Machine-made 3-Dimensional maps


Non-rusting iron

Aluminium belt

Computer navigational device

Copper items similar to a modern car radiator

Copper gears

Mechanical devices with circular rollers

Mechanical corn mills

Ancient portrayal of a mechanical device

Crystal skulls

Sophisticated medical instruments

Electric batteries

Document on how to construct an electric battery

Micro technology (“nano coils”)

Electrically-charged grooved discs

Model aircraft

Weaponry as fast as bullets


Locations of the artefacts are in red.




Machine-made 3-Dimensional maps



 Scientists of Bashkir State University have been examining a large plate found in 1999, with a civil engineering works map of South Ural.


The map contains civil engineering works: a system of canals with a length of about 12,000 kilometres, weirs, and gigantic dams.


This is not a simple map, but a three-dimensional. Scientists have stated that this could be worked out only by means of an aerial survey.


It is obvious that the stone was MACHINED.


Currently, in the United States, work is being carried out on creating a global three-dimensional map like that. However, the work is not expected to be completed before 2010.


One of the scientists who has conducted examinations on one of the 3-dimensional maps is Alexander Chuvyrov, the doctor of physical and mathematical science, at Bashkir State University, Russia.




The question is that in the course of compiling such a three-dimensional map, it is necessary to work over too many figures. “Try to map even just a mountain!” exclaims Chuvyrov. “The technology of compiling such maps demands super-power computers and aerospace survey from the Shuttle.”


(Pravda news release, April 30, 2002)    


Other portions of the map, comprising hundreds of stone slabs are to be found not far from the Chandar village, Nurimanov Region, in Russia’s Ural Mountain region.







From Australia to Egypt to the Americas, ancient machine-cut lenses and reflectors of the utmost precision (which are the elements of the astronomical telescope) have been discovered. And here is where you can find some of them today:


In 1990, whilst searching for exhibits for a Munich museum, Dr Karl-Heinz Wilms first heard of the "Visby" lens. The lense was named after the major town in Gotland. Finding a picture of the lens in a book, Dr Wilms was keen to examine the original.

However, not until 1997 did a team of three scientists go to Gotland to take a close look at  this ancient lense. To their great joy, there were actually 10 lenses - all locked away in the storeroom of a local museum.

These crystals proved that sophisticated lens-making techniques were being used by craftsmen over a 1,000 years ago. There were hints that these lenses may have been manufactured in the ancient empire of Byzantium or somewhere in eastern Europe. 

Some of these lenses can be seen at Gotland's Fornsal, Visby, Sweden (this is the historical museum in that town). Some others reside in the Swedish National Museum in Stockholm. And some others have been lost.


What is known as the Nimrud lens was found in 1850 by the British archaeologist Sir John Layard, during his excavation of the palace of Nimrud, an ancient Assyrian city  in what is now Iraq.

This rock crystal lens is currently on show in the British museum.


Other crystal lenses, which date from the 4th Dynasty of Old Kingdom Egypt, c.2200 BC. can be found in the Cairo Museum.




There are also two others in the Louvre in Paris.



As I see it, the evidence for an advanced knowledge of metallurgy in the remote past is irrefutable. Here are just a couple of examples and where they are to be found:

Iron that does not rust



The Ashoka Pillar is a non-rusting iron pillar to be found in India. This is a column of cast iron which weighs about six tons and stands 23 feet eight inches high. Its diameter is 16 inches.


The iron pillar should have rusted away by now, but there is hardly a trace of rust. This is pure iron, which can be produced today only in tiny quantities and by electrolysis.


The column originally stood in the Temple of Muttra, capped with a Garuda - an image of the bird incarnation of the god Vishnu. In the 11th century, when Muslim invaders destroyed the Garuda, they ripped the column from its original setting and re-erected it in Delhi. Although the exact age of the column is not known however it does bear the inscription of an epitaph to King Chandra Gupta II who died in 413AD. This virtually non-rusting pillar can be seen in the courtyard of Kurb Minar in Delhi India




Aluminium belt


On December 1, 1993, a workman's spade broke through the roof of a long buried and forgotten tomb. At the time, a project was under way to build a sports field for the Jingyi Middle school of Yix-ing City in the Jiang-su Province of China.

When police who were called in recognised the find as a tomb, they in turn called for the Huadong Historical Relics Working Team. They eventually identified the tomb as the burial site of Chou Chou, a famous general of the Chin dynasty, who lived from 265-316 AD.

Among items found in the tomb were pieces of pottery pieces, porcelain, scraps of gold and a metal belt fastener. The fastener, which was found to be of aluminium, was thoroughly examined by the Dunbai Polytechnic, as well as by the Institute of Applied Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Aluminium was supposedly not discovered until 1803 and not obtained successfully in pure form until 1854. It is very difficult to isolate, from bauxite, as a pure metal, without using a lot of electric power.






Antikithera computer



This  2,000 year old  complex computer reveals first-class precision mechanics, as accurate as any that can be made today. It was used for navigation.


It is now in the National Archaeological Museum of Greece.




Copper items similar to a modern car radiator




Their designs indicate a sophisticated understanding of heat-exchange technology. Now in the Crespi Museum in Cuenca, Ecuador.


Copper gears


These possess a hardness comparable to steel, indicating they were designed for heavy mechanical use.  In the Crespi collection, Cuenca, Ecuador


Mechanical devices with circular rollers




These are very similar to modern metal fabricating machines.  In the Crespi collection, Cuenca, Ecuador


Mechanical corn mills, wheeled and geared.




 These are to be found in the Crespi collection, Cuenca, Ecuador


Ancient portrayal of a mechanical device




An ancient clay vessel portrays a man using the index fingers of both hands to operate a kind of calculating machine, or a switchboard. In the private collection of Senor Gerardo Niemann, Hacienda Casa Grande, Trujillo, Peru.





Crystal skulls

Each is carved from a solid block of crystal. They possess eye sockets with ground lenses. Light is engeniously channelled from the base of the skull by means of “light pipes”, then concentrated through a set of concave and convex lenses, which focus the light rays directly into the excavated eye sockets – evidence of an advanced understanding of the use of light.

A large number of genuine, high quality ancient crystal skulls have been found.

Some of these crystal skulls have been unearthed in Chinese tombs from
a period in which stone pyramids were being constructed. And 23 more
ancient crystal skulls were discovered of recent times in the Himalayas.



The Texas Crystal Skull: An ancient crystal skull which was originally gifted by Guatemalan shamans is possessed by JoAnn Parks, P.O. Box 751261, Houston, TX 77275-1261; (713)991-4545




 What is known as the British Crystal Skull can be seen on public display at times, in the Museum of Mankind (part of the British Museum) in London, England



The so-called Paris Skull is on display at times in the Trocadero Museum in Paris, France.




Sophisticated medical instruments





These are the exact counterparts of the basic tools of modern surgery – forceps, scalpels, clamps, and so on.. In the Cairo Museum and British Museum.



Electric Batteries




What is known as the Baghdad Battery was found in the ruins of a Parthian village believed to date back to between 248 B.C. and 226 A.D. Inside a 5-1/2-inch high clay vessel was a copper cylinder fixed in place by asphalt. And inside the cylinder was an oxidized iron rod. According to experts, the device needed only to be filled with an acid or alkaline liquid to produce an electric charge. this ancient battery may have been used for electroplating objects with gold.


 At least one of  of these batteries was in the State Museum in Baghdad, Iraq, until the museum was plundered by local Iraqis during the 2003 war in Iraq.


Document on how to construct an electric battery, and how to use it for electrolysis.


 Known as the Agasta Samhita”,  this ancient document is preserved in the
Princes’ Library in Ujjain, India.


Micro technology (“nano coils”)




Microscopically tiny spiral-shaped artefacts made from copper, tungsten and molybdenum, have been unearthed in Russia’s eastern Ural Mountains and studied by four scientific institutions – the Russian Academy of Science in Moscow, Syktyvkar, and St. Petersburg, as well as the Helsinki Institute in Finland. They bear remarkable resemblances to control elements used in our latest technology “nano-machines”.  The investigative report, from the Central Scientific Research Department of Geology and Exploitation of Precious Metals (in Moscow), dated November 11, 1996, was written and signed by Dr E.W. Matvejeva, have been dated at thousands of years of age, and declared to be of ‘technological origin”..

Dr E. W. Matvegeva, Central Scientific Research Department of Geology and Exploitation of Precious Metals, Moscow, Nov. 11, 1996



Electrically-charged grooved discs



Found in caves, 716 stone discs each had a hole in the center like a gramophone record, from which a double groove traced out a spiral to the circumference. (These were not sound tracks but a kind of writing.) The discs contained large amounts of cobalt and were rhythmically pulsating as though they had electric charges in them, or were part of an electric circuit

Some of them were given by the discoverer, Chi Pu Tei, a professor of archaeology at Beijing University, to the University and kept there for 20 years, from 1942 to 1962. Present whereabouts: uncertain (may still be at Beijing University).

An Austrian engineer, Mr. Wegerer, had the opportunity to make these photographs in 1974, when he was on a guided China tour. In Banpo-Museaum in Xian, the capital of the Province of Shensi, China, he came across two discs which exactly met the descriptions we know from the Bayan-Kara-Ula report from 1962.  And he could even recognize hieroglyphs in spiral-like grooves, although they were partly crumbled way.

German author Hartwig Hausdorf, gave this first hand report of his visit to the museum:

“In March, 1994, Professor Wang Zhijun, Director of the Banpo-Museum, welcomed us for a discussion on the stone disc. At first, he wasn't willing to give us further details, but after a while he revealed shocking information.

”His predecessor, the above-mentioned manager, was called away from her job just a few days after Mr Wegerer had visited the museum, without giving her any reason. She’s vanished since that, and both from her and the two stone disks, any trace is missing!

”What happened to the woman? I don't know. But I had feeling that Professor Wang Zhijun didn't feel well during our inquiry. When we asked for the artifacts’ present place, he told us the following (I quote): ‘The stone discs you've mentioned do not exist, but being extraneous elements in this pottery museum, they were dislocated.’”




Ancient documents concerning aircraft




Numerous ancient Indian and Chinese texts speak of aircraft and of advanced techniques that if used today could revolutionise transport..


One excellent example is the 3,000 year old Vymanika Shastra, meaning “The Science of Aeronautics”. It has been translated by G.R. Josyer, director of the International Academy of Sanskrit research in Mysore, India. The translation, “Aeronautics, a Manuscript From the Prehistoric Past”, was published in book form by Coronation press, Mysore, in 1973.


Model planes




In 1898 a small 6 inch model plane, with fuselage, wings and tail, was discovered in a tomb near Saqqara, Egypt, It was dated to approximately 200 BC.



The model was sent to the Cairo Museum of Antiquities. Here it was catalogued as Special register No. 6347 Room 22, and then it was promptly forgotten.


At the time of its discovery, modern aviation did not exist. Rediscovered in the museum’s storerooms in 1969, it was found to fly perfectly as a glider, though there are indications it may have originally possessed a propulsion mechanism at the tail. The design is highly sophisticated.


It has been claimed that the Egyptians never made a model of anything unless it was used in real life.


At least 14 other model aircraft have been found in Egyptian tombs.





Ancient models resembling modern jet planes have been discovered in tombs in Costa Rica, Venezuela and Colombia. They possess delta wings, engine housing, a cockpit, windshield, flanged tail and elevators. These models have passed aerodynamic tests. Some have two sets of wings.


These are displayed in the Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago), the Museum of Primitive Art (New York), the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (Washington, D.C.) and in Bogota, Colombia.





Skull of “prehistoric” animal pieced with a “bullet” hole


The skull of a “prehistoric” aurochs bison has been pierced by a projectile that entered at high velocity. It can be located at the Paleontological Museum, Moscow

Ancient Human skull pierced with a “bullet” hole




A human skull found 60 feet underground shows a similar hole, perfectly round. A forensic authority from Berlin has positively stated that the neat hole and the shattering effect could not have been caused by anything but a bullet. The ancient skull can be found at the Museum of Natural History, London




Crespi Collection of 70,000 artifacts, many from an advanced ancient science


Now stored in a shed on the side porch of the church of Maria Auxiliadora in Cuenca, Ecuador. This collection is enshrined as a national monument by the Ecuadorian government.


 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *


For further information on most of these sophisticated artefacts,
see Jonathan Gray’s two books on ancient technology:

Dead Men’s Secrets (with more pictures) and 64 Secrets Ahead of Us.


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